PER in Dry-cleaning (including national issues)

PER in dry-cleaning

The ECSA Information Sheet for dry-cleaners has been updated to reflect the current legislation on dry-cleaning machines and to answer questions from the public which have been addressed to dry-cleaning associations.

Is PER banned anywhere?

PER is itself not banned. Some of its applications are restricted. In France no new PER machines are allowed in residential and commercial areas.

France passed an specific national regulation (arrêté 2345), that entered into force from 1st March 2013, that intends to progressively phase out machines using solvents including PER in residential areas.

Denmark implemented measures, which are often mentioned as a ban on PER, while it rather implements strict measures for all solvents used in dry- cleaning. According to the Danish Dry-Cleaning Association, two-thirds of the Danish dry-cleaners use PER.

The ECSA Information Sheet for Dry-Cleaners provides more details about this recent development in France. The document is also available in French, German, Dutch, Spanish, Italian and Portugese.
  
As partner in a EU Leonardo Da Vinci project, ECSA has developed web based training tools for professional dry-cleaning shops with information about legislation and detailed guidance on safe handling with on-line examination and certification possibilities. Follow the link to the E-DryClean project.

 

Montreal Protocol Meeting - ECSA & HSIA side event

November 2017

DCM & the ozone layer
24 November 2017 – 13hrs – Montréal

During this side event, we will provide you with scientific facts and figures on the worldwide production, emissions of the VSLS Dichloromethane (DCM) and its negligible contribution to ozone depletion.
We will consider the following criteria: global production by industry and emissions, global natural production, behavior and effect on the atmosphere, regulatory overview for DCM. The full paper is available here. A one-pager summary is also available.
More information

IOELVs for DCM, CTC and PER published

February 2017

Indicative Occupational Exposure Limit Values (IOELVs) for DCM, CTC and PER have been published by the EU Commission (cf. DIRECTIVE (EU) 2017/164 of 31.1.2017), which are in line with the REACH DNEL(inhalation) for workers. 
These IOELVs have to be considered by member states for setting national exposure limits (OELs), which they have to accomplish by 21. August 2018. Only national OELs are legally binding for occupational safety, whereas the IOELVs have to be considered by users in case no OELs is set, yet.  The relevant OELs are provided with the SDS of the solvents suppliers (cf. chapter 8.1). 

 

UBA PMT criteria published

February 2018

The German Environment Agency (UBA, Umweltbundesamt) has published the assessment of "Persistence, Mobility and Toxicity (PMT)" with the desire to protect drinking water sources. Applying conservative criteria for PMT as defined by UBA, perchloroethylene (PER) and trichloroethylene (TRI) appear as number 2 and 3 on the report. UBA also aims to establish PMT as an equivalent concern to identify SVHC substance for authorisation under REACH. ECSA does not consider SVHC identification using PMT criteria as the appropriate tool to improve drinking water quality due to this being a pure hazard based approach and thus does not consider risk. TRI is already listed in Annex XIV (authorisation) and today PER is handled almost exclusively in closed systems with no intentional emission to water or soil. For further information see the ECSA position paper on PER here.

New Study on DCM

October 2016

Together with HSIA, ECSA supported a study to clarify the mode of action of cancer formation for methylene chloride (DCM). A publication is expected soon in a peer reviewed scientific journal. The outcome of the study shows that below a threshold there is no risk on cancer formation related to DCM.