PER in Dry-cleaning (including national issues)

PER in dry-cleaning

The ECSA Information Sheet for dry-cleaners has been updated to reflect the current legislation on dry-cleaning machines and to answer questions from the public which have been addressed to dry-cleaning associations.

Is PER banned anywhere?

PER is itself not banned. Some of its applications are restricted. In France no new PER machines are allowed in residential and commercial areas.

France passed an specific national regulation (arrêté 2345), that entered into force from 1st March 2013, that intends to progressively phase out machines using solvents including PER in residential areas.

Denmark implemented measures, which are often mentioned as a ban on PER, while it rather implements strict measures for all solvents used in dry- cleaning. According to the Danish Dry-Cleaning Association, two-thirds of the Danish dry-cleaners use PER.

The ECSA Information Sheet for Dry-Cleaners provides more details about this recent development in France. The document is also available in French, German, Dutch, Spanish, Italian and Portugese.
  
As partner in a EU Leonardo Da Vinci project, ECSA has developed web based training tools for professional dry-cleaning shops with information about legislation and detailed guidance on safe handling with on-line examination and certification possibilities. Follow the link to the E-DryClean project.

 

IOELVs for DCM, CTC and PER published

February 2017

Indicative Occupational Exposure Limit Values (IOELVs) for DCM, CTC and PER have been published by the EU Commission (cf. DIRECTIVE (EU) 2017/164 of 31.1.2017), which are in line with the REACH DNEL(inhalation) for workers. These IOELVs have to be considered by member states for setting national exposure limits (OELs), which they have to accomplish by 21. August 2018. Only national OELs are legally binding for occupational safety, whereas the IOELVs have to be considered by users in case no OELs is set, yet.  The relevant OELs are provided with the SDS of the solvents suppliers (cf. chapter 8.1). 

 

IARC monograph on DCM

January 2017

DCM has been re-classified by IARC (IARC website) from Group 2B (Possibly carcinogenic to humans) to the next higher Group 2A (Probably carcinogenic to humans). This reclassification from 2014 has been published recently (Dichloromethane). In the opinion of ECSA the reclassification is not scientifically justified. IARC Monograph classifications are also questioned by other associations such as the American Chemical Council (ACC). However the IARC classification is of no regulatory relevance in EU as European legislation is triggered by classification according to the CLP (GHS) regulation (EC 1272/2008).  

 

New Study on DCM

October 2016

Together with HSIA, ECSA supported a study to clarify the mode of action of cancer formation for methylene chloride (DCM). A publication is expected soon in a peer reviewed scientific journal. The outcome of the study shows that below a threshold there is no risk on cancer formation related to DCM.

 

Use of Perchloroethylene safe in Germany

October 2016

The German federal authorities (LAS) published a comprehensive guidance on the safe use of PER in dry-cleaning based on German regulations (2. BImSchV in force since 1990). ECSA supported the English translation of this guidance, which is now available on the website of the LAVG, the federal authority in charge. 

The  recent exposure study of the LAS (2015) , as referenced in the guideline, proved that the use of PER is safe, if PER is applied according to regulations such as the 2. BImSchV and exposure is very low, well below the current German OEL.